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Wednesday, November 6 • 10:45am - 11:10am
Perceptions of Public Libraries in the U.S. on Public Domain and Creative Commons

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A quantitative survey was administered to public library staff across the United States via an email inquiry and an anonymous online Web survey form as can be seen at http://www.ourdeskdrawer.com/librarysurvey/index.php?sid=49372&lang=en which asked their thoughts on public domain, creative commons, and CCO. Of 715 inquiries sent, 113 responses were received. Overall, our results were surprising in that while all librarians who completed the full survey (n=54) knew at least to some level the definition of public domain, only 36% were able to define creative commons and only 19% were able to define CC0. This means that a great majority of librarians were not even aware of these services.

After initial questions on the definitions of public domain, creative commons, and CCO librarians were asked to describe how they see items in the public domain affecting a) social and cultural perceptions of copyright and/or intellectual property; b) legal perceptions or practices of copyright and/or intellectual property, c) practices of citation and attribution, d) public libraries generally, and e) generally negative or positive perceptions. Results in every category were considerably mixed. Next, Everett Rogers? four main elements in the diffusion of innovations were used as the theoretical framework. The four main elements are the innovation itself, communication channels, time, and the social system. Again, the results were mixed.

The book Contemporary Technology, notes technology transfer is ?the process by which technology developed for one purpose is employed either in a different application or by a new user.? (Markert & Backer, 2003). It also describes two important aspects of technology transfer study to include the nature of the transfer item itself and the recipient?s capacity to adopt the technology once it has been transferred. A key aspect of a recipient?s capacity to adopt a technology involves awareness and knowledge. This preliminary research points to only limited knowledge of public domain, the role of creative commons, and the function of CCO even among public library staff whose primary function is to share resources with the local public they serve. This plays a role both directly and indirectly in synergies between open education, creative commons and other alternatives to full copyright restrictions, and more traditional public means to data and information access available via resources such as public libraries.

avatar for Dr. Anne Arendt

Dr. Anne Arendt

Asst. Professor /Asst. Chair - Technology Management, Utah Valley University
Dr. Anne Arendt is an Assistant Professor and Assistant Chair in Technology Management at Utah Valley University. She has a Doctorate of Education in Higher Education from Utah State University, a Master of Business Administration from Carlson School of Management at University of... Read More →
avatar for Dustin Fife

Dustin Fife

Library Director, San Juan County
I am a library director of a rural library system in southeastern Utah and a Library and Information Science graduate student at Emporia State University. I am also involved in an open library resource sharing project through ILEAD USA called Creative Libraries Utah: http://creativelibrariesutah.org/. I... Read More →

Wednesday November 6, 2013 10:45am - 11:10am
Painted Horse

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